Ingredients Glossary | Plum Organics

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Ingredients Glossary

At Plum, we believe — and science shows — that early exposure to a wide variety of colorful and flavorful foods helps little ones develop a preference for healthy foods as they grow (Not to mention the nutritional benefits that come from offering baby a diverse menu!). Our recipes always begin with organic, non-GMO ingredients from real foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and proteins.

Of course, cooking sometimes calls for a functional ingredient or two, which means some items on our product labels may be less familiar. To make it easy for you, we’ve created this glossary of information and definitions for every ingredient we use.

Looking for more information on our organic infant formula ingredients? Visit our Formula Ingredients Glossary.

A

Acerola

Organic Acerola
Acerola cherries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Acerola is a source of vitamin C, an antioxidant that protects cells from damage and plays a roll in iron absorption.

Algal Oil

Algal Oil
Oil derived from algae that is rich in omega 3 fatty acids such as DHA.

Amaranth

Organic Amaranth Flour
Gluten-free, high-protein flour made by grinding the seeds of the amaranth plant into powder.

Organic Amaranth Sprouted Flour
Amaranth seeds that are soaked and germinated for a period of time, dried and ground into powder.

Annatto

Organic Annatto
Concentrated liquid derived from the seeds of the Achiote tree that enhances color without impacting flavor.

Apple

Organic Apple Juice Concentrate
Apple juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Organic Apple Powder
Apples that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Apple Puree
Apples that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Apple Puree Concentrate
Apple puree with a portion of the water removed.

Organic Apples Dried
Apples that have some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve or concentrate flavor. One of the most consumed fruits in the US, apples are known for their high fiber content.

Apricot

Organic Apricot Puree
Apricots that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Avocado

Organic Avocado Puree
Avocados that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

B

Baking Powder

Baking Powder
Powdered mixture of baking soda and other ingredients used to help dough rise.

Baking Soda

Baking Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, a natural compound used to help dough rise.

Banana

Organic Banana Powder
Bananas that are peeled, dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Banana Puree
Bananas that are peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Barley

Organic Barley Flour
Whole pearl barley seeds that are dried and ground into powder.

Bell Pepper

Organic Red/Yellow Bell Peppers
Red and yellow fruit of the annual plant, Capsicum annuum, which is a variety of sweet pepper.

Beef

Organic Ground Beef
Small pieces of chopped, minced or ground beef.

Beet

Organic Beet Juice Concentrate
Beet juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add shades of purple color without impacting flavor.

Organic Beet Juice Powder
Beet juice that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Beet Powder
Beet roots that are dried and ground into a fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Beet Puree
Beet roots that are washed, peeled, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Beets
Sweet root vegetable that is high in folate and a good source of magnesium, copper and potassium.[1]

Black Bean

Organic Black Bean Puree
Black beans that are washed, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Blackberry

Organic Blackberries
Berries known for their high level of antioxidants, that have sweet, juicy purple-black drupelets surrounding a solid, edible core.[2]

Organic Blackberry Powder
Blackberries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Blackberry Puree
Blackberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Blueberry

Organic Blueberries
Small, sweet, blue-black berries grown on North American shrubs that are known for their antioxidants.[2]

Organic Blueberries Dried
Blueberries that have some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve or concentrate flavor.

Organic Blueberry Juice Concentrate
Blueberry juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Organic Blueberry Powder
Blueberries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Blueberry Puree
Blueberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Broccoli

Organic Broccoli Puree
Broccoli that is washed, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Broccoli
Vegetable in the cabbage family that has very high levels of vitamins C and K, and is a good source of folate and vitamin B6.[3]

Brown Rice

Organic Brown Rice Flour
Whole grain rice with its outer bran layers intact, ground into powder.

Organic Brown Rice Syrup
Liquid from cooked whole grain rice that is fermented, strained and boiled until thickened into a syrup.

Buckwheat

Organic Buckwheat Flour
Gluten-free flour produced by grinding the seeds of a flowering buckwheat plant into powder.

Butternut Squash

Organic Butternut Squash Puree
Butternut squash that is washed, peeled, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Butternut Squash
Smooth, bell-shaped, winter squash known for having high levels of vitamin A.[4]

C

Cane

Organic Cane Sugar
Sugar cane grass juice that is boiled, evaporated and crystalized.

Organic Cane Syrup
Sugar cane grass juice that is boiled until it thickens into a syrup.

Organic Cane Invert Syrup
Cane sugar that is broken down into its component parts – glucose and fructose. It is less likely to crystalize, so in addition to sweetening, it helps keep some of our baked snacks soft. Invert syrup can also be found in evaporated and medium evaporated formats.

Organic Dried Cane Syrup
Cane syrup that has some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve it or concentrate the flavor. It’s used in select bars and snacks used to add a touch of sweetness.

Calcium

Tricalcium Citrate
Tricalcium citrate is a form of calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, and one that is used as a building block for developing strong bones and teeth. Children need calcium to support growing muscles and to assist nerves in carrying messages from the brain to different parts of the body. Calcium also helps move blood throughout the body and aids in the release of hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body. [6]

Tricalcium Phosphate
Tricalcium phosphate is a form of calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, and one that is used as a building block for developing strong bones and teeth. Children need calcium to support growing muscles and to assist nerves in carrying messages from the brain to different parts of the body. Calcium also helps move blood throughout the body and aids in the release of hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body. [6]

Canola Oil

Organic Canola Oil
Oil derived from rapeseed.

Cardamom

Organic Cardamom
Seed of a plant in the ginger family that is used as a spice. It has a spicy, herbal citrus-like flavor.

Carrot

Organic Carrot Powder
Carrots that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Carrot Puree
Carrots that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Carrots
Long, pointed root vegetables that have very high levels of vitamin A.[6]

Organic Purple Carrot Puree
Purple carrots that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Cauliflower

Organic Cauliflower
Vegetable in the cabbage family that is normally white in color. It is high in vitamin C and is a good source of vitamins B6, K, folate and choline.

Celery

Organic Celery Puree
Celery that is washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Celery Seed
Small brown, seed-like fruits of the wild celery plant that are dried and used as a spice

Cellulose

Cellulose
Structural component of green plants used to prevent ingredients from caking or forming clumps.

Cheddar Cheese

Cheddar Cheese
World’s most widely eaten cheese, made from organic cow’s milk, cultures, enzymes and salt.

Cherry

Organic Cherry Puree
Cherries that are washed, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Chia

Ground Chia Seeds
Grayish seeds of an herb of the mint family that are reduced to small particles by being put through a grinder. Chia seeds are an excellent source of ALA fatty acids and a good source of fiber and several minerals, including magnesium. [8]

Chicken

Organic Ground Chicken
Small pieces of chicken that have been chopped, minced or ground.

Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean)

Organic Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean) Flour
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans) that are dried and ground.

Organic Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean) Puree
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans) that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Green Chickpea (Garbanzo Beans)
Round legumes also known as chickpeas. The green version is harvested while immature.

Choline

Choline – L-Choline Bitartrate
Type of choline, an essential nutrient that provides structure for cell membranes, and helps cells communicate with one another. [9]

Cinnamon

Organic Ground Cinnamon
Spice derived from Cinnamomum tree bark that is dried and ground into a powder.

Citric Acid

Citric Acid
Naturally occurring substance in citrus fruits used to control the acidity or pH of foods and make them easier to preserve so they are safe to consume over their shelf life.

Clove

Organic Cloves
Small dried flower buds of a tropical evergreen tree used as a fragrant spice, whole or ground.

Coconut

Organic Coconut Cream
Creamy white liquid, thicker than coconut milk, skimmed from a mixture of simmered coconut and water.

Coriander

Organic Coriander
Spice derived from the dried seeds of the parsley plant that produces cilantro leaves. When left whole it has a citrus-like flavor. When ground, its flavor is nutty. [10]

Corn

Organic Corn Flour
Whole corn kernels that are dried and ground into powder.

Organic Corn Puree
Corn kernels that are cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Corn Starch
Material on the inside of the corn kernel that is dried and ground into a fine powder. It is often used as a thickener.

Organic Yellow Corn
Variety of sweet corn that has yellow kernels.

Cumin

Organic Cumin
Spice made from the dried seeds of a plant of the parsley family, used whole or ground.

D

Date

Organic Date Paste
Thick paste made of dates that are soaked in water and blended into a smooth texture.

E

Eggplant

Organic Eggplant
Large, egg-shaped nightshade fruit that is eaten as a vegetable, and is known for its antioxidant content. [11]

Elderberry

Organic Elderberry Juice Concentrate
Elderberry juice with a portion of the water removed. Used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

F

Fig

Organic Fig Powder
Figs that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Flaxseed

Organic Ground Flaxseed
Dried flaxseeds that are put through a grinder. Flaxseeds are an excellent source of ALA fatty acids and a good source of fiber, copper and magnesium.[12]

Folic Acid

Folic Acid
Also known as vitamin B9, folic acid plays a key role in making DNA, the genetic material found in every cell that supports growth and development. [13]

G

Garlic

Organic Garlic Powder
Pungent bulb of an Asian plant related to the onion, that has been dried and ground into powder used to add flavor.

Ginger

Organic Ginger Powder
Ginger that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add flavor.

Glycerin

Glycerin
Substance made from non-GMO vegetable oils that helps maintain moisture in baked goods so they stay soft and chewy.

Grape

Organic Grape Juice Concentrate
Grape juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Green Bean

Organic Green Bean Puree
Green beans that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Guava

Organic Guava Puree
Guava fruit that is washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Gum Arabic

Organic Gum Arabic
Substance derived from the sap of the Acacia tree, that is used in baked goods, including gluten-free formulations, to bind ingredients together and create an appealing texture.

I

Iron

Ferrous Fumarate
Source of iron, a mineral the body uses to make both hemoglobin and myoglobin, which together transport oxygen to cells and muscles. Babies are born with about a six-month reserve of iron, but they continue to need iron during their first year as they experience a period of rapid growth and development. [14]

Reduced Iron
Type of iron, a mineral needed to make both hemoglobin and myoglobin, which together transport oxygen to cells and muscles. Babies are born with about a six-month reserve of iron, but they continue to need iron during their first year as they experience a period of rapid growth and development. [14]

K

Kale

Organic Dried Kale
Kale that has some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve or concentrate the flavor.

Organic Kale Powder
Kale that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder can be used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Kale Puree
Kale that is washed and blended into a smooth texture.

L

Leek

Organic Leeks
Long, thin vegetable with green leaves and a white root base, related to the onion but with a milder flavor.

Lemon

Organic Lemon Juice Concentrate
Lemon juice that has a portion of the water removed. It is used to control the acidity or pH levels in certain products, without impacting flavor.

M

Maltodextrin

Organic Maltodextrin
Type of starch sourced from rice or tapioca, used to thicken the organic sweet potato powder used only in our Mighty Sticks.

Mango

Organic Mangos
Yellowish-red skinned, oblong tropical fruit with a sweet, juicy, orange-colored flesh. Mangos are an excellent source of vitamin C.[15]

Organic Mango Puree
Mango that is washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Milk

Organic Milk
White liquid rich in fat and protein that comes from dairy cows. Milk is rich in calcium, which is used to build bones and teeth.[16]

Organic Nonfat Dry Milk
Pasteurized milk that has at least 95% of its moisture extracted to better preserve it or concentrate the flavor.

Millet

Organic Millet
Mild tasting whole grain that is a good substitute for rice.

Organic Millet Flour
Millet that is ground into powder.

Mixed Tocopherols

Mixed Tocopherols
Family of vitamin E compounds sourced from non-GMO canola oil, used to preserve flavor in certain products.

Molasses

Organic Molasses
Thick brown syrup with a bitter taste, which is a byproduct of raw sugar that has been refined.

N

Natural Flavor

Natural Flavor
Variety of plant-based ingredients used sparingly to optimize taste in some products. For example, we use natural flavors to reduce the amount of sugar needed and enhance savory taste. Any top-eight allergens used in our natural flavors are listed under ingredients on the product label. Natural Flavors used include: Apple, Blueberry, Mango, Strawberry and Sweet Potato.

Navy Bean

Organic Navy Bean Puree
Small, white kidney beans that are washed, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Nutmeg

Organic Nutmeg
Sweet spice made from dried, ripe seeds of a tropical evergreen tree.

O

Oat

Organic Oat Fiber
Oat hulls that are ground into powder.

Organic Oats
Whole grain oat kernels that are steamed and rolled into flakes. Also known as old fashioned oats, oat flakes, whole oat flakes, and rolled oats.

Organic Oat Flour
Whole grain oat kernels that are ground into powder. Also known as milled oats, whole oat flour, whole grain oat flour.

Olive

Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Oil pressed from whole olives that is not treated with chemicals or heat, and contains less than 1% acidity.

Onion

Organic Onions
Edible plant bulbs with a pungent taste and smell that are a good source of vitamin C and fiber. Onions also provide many other key nutrients.[17]

Organic Dehydrated Onions
Onions that have been dried to remove the water.

P

Palm Shortening

Organic Palm Shortening
Oil from the tropical palm tree that has some of its unsaturated fats removed. It has a firm texture, high melting point, and contains no trans fats.

Papaya

Organic Papaya
Large oval tropical fruit with a sweet, orange flesh and small black seeds. Papaya is an excellent source of vitamin C.[1]

Paprika

Ground Paprika
Spice made from sweet peppers that are dried and ground into a fine powder.

Parsnip

Organic Parsnip Puree
Parsnip that is washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Peach

Organic Peach Puree
Peaches that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Peach puree (organic peaches, ascorbic acid, citric acid) Frozen
Peaches that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended with ascorbic acid and citric acid, into a smooth texture.

Organic Peach Puree Concentrate
Peaches that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture, and then partially dehydrated.

Peanut

Organic Peanut Butter
Peanuts that are shelled, roasted and ground into a smooth spread. Peanuts and peanut butter are the most popular nut choice in the U.S.[18]

Organic Peanut Extract
Concentrated peanut oil derived from peanuts that are roasted and pressed.

Organic Peanut Flour
Powder made from ground peanuts that have some or all of the fat removed.

Organic Peanut Oil
Oil extracted from pressed peanuts. Its mild flavor and high smoke point make it ideal for many recipes.

Pear

Organic Pear Puree
Pears that are washed, cored, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Pea

Organic Peas
Small round, seed pod fruit of certain plants of the legume family, eaten as a vegetable. High in fiber, thiamin, folate and vitamins C and K, peas are also a good source of protein.[19]

Organic Green Pea Puree
Green peas that are shelled, washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Pectin

Pectin
Structural component of plant cell walls that promotes gelling. It’s used to help thicken jams in our bars and fruit snacks.

Pineapple

Organic Pineapple
Juicy tropical fruit with a yellow flesh. Known for its high level of vitamin C, pineapple also contains bromelain, an enzyme that helps break down protein.[20][32]

Plum

Organic Plum Puree
Plums that are washed, pitted, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Pomegranate

Organic Pomegranate Juice Concentrate
Pomegranate juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Potato

Organic Dehydrated Potato Flakes
Potatoes that have the water removed. Used as a main ingredient and, in some cases, to add a smooth texture to purees.

Organic Potato Starch
Very fine powder produced from potato starch, which can be used in baked goods or as a thickener.

Prune

Organic Prune Puree
Prunes that are blended into a smooth texture.

Pumpkin

Organic Pumpkin
Large, typically orange fruit of the gourd family known for its very high levels of vitamin A.[1]

Organic Pumpkin Flakes
Pumpkin that is put on a hot roller to dry and then flaked off.

Organic Pumpkin Powder
Pumpkin that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Pumpkin Puree
Pumpkin that is washed and peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Q

Quinoa

Organic Quinoa
Gluten-free, starchy seeds with a slightly nutty flavor that are cooked and eaten like a grain.

Organic Quinoa Crisps
Quinoa that is puffed with heat to give it a light, crispy texture.

Organic Quinoa Flakes
Quinoa seeds that are steamed and rolled into flakes.

Organic Quinoa Flour
Quinoa seeds that are ground into powder.

R

Raisin

Organic Raisin Puree
Raisins that are blended into smooth texture.

Raspberry

Organic Raspberry Puree
Raspberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Red Cabbage

Organic Red Cabbage Extract
Concentrated liquid derived rom red cabbage that has been boiled. Used as a natural food color that adds shades of red and purple without impacting flavor.

Rhubarb

Organic Rhubarb Puree
Tart, celery-like vegetable whose stalks are washed, diced and frozen. It is then hammermilled and pasteurized before being re-frozen.

Rice

Organic Rice Flour
Rice that is washed, dried and ground into powder.

Organic Rice Starch
Tasteless substance made of rice starch that is dried and milled into a fine powder that is often used as a thickener.

Rosemary

Ground Rosemary
Spice derived from the leaves of a shrub of the mint family, which have been dried and ground into a powder used to add flavor.

Rye

Organic Rye
Seeds of a hardy cereal grass that are milled and used to make flour, bread and other foods.

S

Sage

Organic Ground Sage
Spice derived from an herb native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean. The leaves are dried and ground into a fine powder used to add flavor.

Sea Salt

Sea Salt
Salt that comes from evaporated, crystalized seawater. Due to the way it is processed, it often contains higher levels of some trace minerals than traditional table salt.

Sorghum

Organic Sorghum Flour
Gluten-free flour produced by grinding sorghum seeds into a fine powder.

Spearmint

Organic Spearmint
Herb derived from the spearmint plant.

Spelt

Organic Spelt
Ancient variety of wheat.

Spinach

Organic Spinach
Widely cultivated Asian plant with large dark green leaves. Known for being a good source of folate, it is also high in vitamins A and K.[1]

Organic Spinach Powder
Spinach that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Spinach Puree
Spinach that is washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Strawberry

Organic Strawberries
Sweet, juicy red berries that come from low-growing plants of the rose family. Known for their antioxidants, strawberries also have very high levels of vitamin C.[1],[21]

Organic Strawberry Powder
Strawberries that are washed, dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Strawberry Puree
Strawberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Sunflower

Organic Sunflower Kernel Paste
Sunflower seeds that are roasted and blended into a smooth texture. Also known as sunflower seed butter.

Organic Sunflower Lecithin
Emulsifier extracted from sunflower seeds that is used to help ingredients, like fats and water, mix together.

Organic Sunflower Oil
Oil pressed from sunflower seeds.

Organic High Oleic Sunflower Oil
Sunflower oil high in monounsaturated fats, or ‘good fats’. It is used to improve the quality of baked goods.

Sweet Potato

Organic Sweet Potato Powder
Sweet potatoes that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Sweet Potato Puree
Sweet potatoes that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Purple Sweet Potato Juice Concentrate
Purple sweet potato juice with a portion of the water removed. Used to add purple color and a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

T

Tapioca

Organic Tapioca Flour
Flour that is produced by drying starch extracted from the Cassava root and grinding it into fine powder. Also known as tapioca starch.

Organic Tapioca Syrup
Natural liquid sweetener made by cooking and fermenting tapioca, and evaporating it until it thickens into a syrup.

Tarragon

Organic Tarragon
Spice with a slightly bitter flavor and an aroma similar to anise. It is derived from the dried leaves of a plant that is part of the daisy family.

Thyme

Organic Thyme
Spice derived from the dried leaves of a plant that is part of the mint family.

Tomato

Organic Tomato Paste
Tomatoes that are cooked for several hours to form a thick concentrate.

Tri-and Dicalcium Phosphate

Tri- and Dicalcium Phosphate
Forms of calcium used to prevent ingredients from caking or forming clumps. [5]

Turmeric

Organic Ground Turmeric
Spice derived from the rhizome of a plant of the ginger family, which is boiled, dried and ground into a fine powder that can also be used to add color.

Turkey

Organic Ground Turkey
Turkey that is reduced to very small pieces by being put through a grinder.

V

Vanilla

Organic Vanilla Extract
Concentrated liquid derived from vanilla beans that are macerated and steeped.

Organic Ground Vanilla
Vanilla beans that are dried and put through a grinder to form a powder used to add flavor.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A – Retinol Palmitate
Form of vitamin A that promotes vision and assists cells in communicating with one another.[22]

Vitamin A – Acetate
Form of vitamin A that promotes vision and assists cells in communicating with one another.[22]

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Hydrochloride
Form of thiamin known as vitamin B1. Like most B vitamins, it converts nutrients into the energy needed to support growth and development.[23]

Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Mononitrate
Form of thiamin known as vitamin B1. Like most B vitamins, it converts nutrients into the energy needed to support growth and development.[23]

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 – Cyanocobalamin
Cyanocobalamin is another name for vitamin B12, which promotes the health of the nervous system and blood cells. Vitamin B12 also helps children produce DNA.[24]

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 – Riboflavin
Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2. Like most B vitamins, it helps turn nutrients into energy needed to support growth and development.
[25]

Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 – Niacinamide
Form of niacin also known as vitamin B3, that aids in the breakdown of protein, carbohydrates and fat into energy that supports normal growth and development. It also supports the digestive system and eyes.
[26]

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 – Pyridoxine Hydrochloride
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is another name for vitamin B6, which is in high demand, as over 100 enzymes need it to turn protein into energy to support normal growth and development.[27]

Vitamin C

Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid
Ascorbic acid, also known as vitamin C is used as a natural preservative to maintain quality and colors.[28]

Vitamin C – Sodium Ascorbate
Type of vitamin C that helps protect cells from damage and plays a role in iron absorption.[28]

Vitamin E

Vitamin E – Dl-alpha Tocopheryl Acetate
DL-Alpha tocopheryl acetate, or vitamin E, keeps blood flowing through vessels properly and acts as an antioxidant.[29]

W

Watermelon

Organic Watermelon Juice Concentrate
Watermelon juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Wheat

Organic Whole Wheat Flour
Whole grain wheat kernels (including the bran, germ and endosperm) that are ground into a fine powder. Also known as Whole Grain Wheat Flour.

Organic Wheat Flour
Wheat endosperm that is separated from the rest of the wheat kernel and then ground into a fine powder.

Organic Wheat Gluten
Main protein found in wheat flour. A little extra is added to the wheat flour in our Mighty Dinos to strengthen the dough during baking.

Y

Yeast

Yeast
Leavener consisting of cells that consume sugar and release carbon dioxide, which helps bread rise.

Yogurt

Organic Nonfat Greek Yogurt
Yogurt made with skim milk, and then strained extensively to remove liquid and make it thicker.

Organic Yogurt Powder
Real yogurt that has been dried to remove water and then ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add flavor or protein, or to be rehydrated into yogurt.

Z

Zinc

Zinc Gluconate
Type of zinc, which is a mineral found in cells throughout the body. Early in life, zinc supports growth and development. It also plays a role in taste and smell development.[30]

Zinc Sulfate
Type of zinc, which is a mineral found in cells throughout the body. Early in life, zinc supports growth and development. It also plays a role in taste and smell development.[30]

Zucchini

Organic Zucchini Puree
Zucchini that is washed, peeled, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Yellow Zucchini
Long, thin squash vegetable with a yellow skin that is a bit sweeter than green zucchini. It is also known as golden zucchini.

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx

http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/84/1/95.abstract

https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&FoodDescription=broccoli

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&FoodDescription=butternut squash

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Calcium.

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&FoodDescription=carrots, raw

https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&FoodDescription=cauliflower

https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&ItemDescriptionID=6694&FoodDescription=Chia%20seeds

Oregon State University. Linus Pauling Institute – Micronutrient Information Center: Choline.

http://www.seriouseats.com/2011/03/spice-hunting-coriander-how-to-use.html

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280932506_A_comparative_study_on_antioxidant_activities_and_phenolic_contents_of_five_algerian_eggplant_cultivars

https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&ItemDescriptionID=6553&FoodDescription=Flaxseeds

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Folate.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Iron.

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&FoodDescription=mango

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&ItemDescriptionID=1&FoodDescription=Milk, whole

https://www.onions-usa.org/all-about-onions/nutritional-facts-vegetables22

http://www.peanut-institute.org/peanut-facts/

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&ItemDescriptionID=5450&FoodDescription=Peas, green, fresh, cooked (with salt, no fat added)

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx?CatgoryID=-1&ItemDescriptionID=4493&FoodDescription=Pineapple, raw

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf034506n

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Vitamin A.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Thiamin.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Vitamin B12.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Riboflavin.

Oregon State University. Linus Pauling Institute – Micronutrient Information Center: Niacin.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Vitamin B6.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Vitamin C.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Vitamin E.

National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheets: Zinc.

https://supertracker.usda.gov/foodapedia.aspx

http://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/bromelain