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Ingredients Glossary


At Plum, we believe — and science shows — that early exposure to a wide variety of colorful and flavorful foods helps little ones develop a preference for healthy foods as they grow (Not to mention the nutritional benefits that come from offering baby a diverse menu!). Our recipes always begin with organic, non-GMO ingredients from real foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and proteins.

Of course, cooking sometimes calls for a functional ingredient or two, which means some items on our product labels may be less familiar. To make it easy for you, we’ve created this glossary of information and definitions for every ingredient we use.

A

Organic Acerola
Acerola cherries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Acerola is a source of vitamin C, an antioxidant that protects cells from damage and plays a roll in iron absorption.

Algal Oil
Oil derived from algae that is rich in omega 3 fatty acids such as DHA.

Organic Amaranth Flour
Gluten-free, high-protein flour made by grinding the seeds of the amaranth plant into powder.

Organic Amaranth Sprouted Flour
Amaranth seeds that are soaked and germinated for a period of time, dried and ground into powder.

Organic Annatto
Concentrated liquid derived from the seeds of the Achiote tree that enhances color without impacting flavor.

Organic Apple Juice Concentrate
Apple juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Organic Apple Powder
Apples that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Apple Puree
Apples that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Apple Puree Concentrate
Apple puree with a portion of the water removed.

Organic Apples Dried
Apples that have some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve or concentrate flavor. One of the most consumed fruits in the US, apples are known for their high fiber content.

Organic Apricot Puree
Apricots that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Apricot Puree
Apricots that are washed, peeled, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

B

Baking Powder
Powdered mixture of baking soda and other ingredients used to help dough rise.

Baking Soda
Sodium bicarbonate, a natural compound used to help dough rise.

Organic Banana Powder
Bananas that are peeled, dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Banana Puree
Bananas that are peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Barley Flour
Whole pearl barley seeds that are dried and ground into powder.

Organic Red/Yellow Bell Peppers
Red and yellow fruit of the annual plant, Capsicum annuum, which is a variety of sweet pepper.

Organic Ground Beef
Small pieces of chopped, minced or ground beef.

Organic Beet Juice Concentrate
Beet juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add shades of purple color without impacting flavor.

Organic Beet Juice Powder
Beet juice that is dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Beet Powder
Beet roots that are dried and ground into a fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Beet Puree
Beet roots that are washed, peeled, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Beets
Sweet root vegetable that is high in folate and a good source of magnesium, copper and potassium.[1]

Organic Black Bean Puree
Black beans that are washed, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Blackberries
Berries known for their high level of antioxidants, that have sweet, juicy purple-black drupelets surrounding a solid, edible core.[2]

Organic Blackberry Powder
Blackberries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Blackberry Puree
Blackberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Blueberries
Small, sweet, blue-black berries grown on North American shrubs that are known for their antioxidants.[2]

Organic Blueberries Dried
Blueberries that have some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve or concentrate flavor.

Organic Blueberry Juice Concentrate
Blueberry juice with a portion of the water removed. It is used to add a touch of sweetness, which can offset strong, bitter or sour notes.

Organic Blueberry Powder
Blueberries that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add fruit content, flavor or color.

Organic Blueberry Puree
Blueberries that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Broccoli Puree
Broccoli that is washed, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Broccoli
Vegetable in the cabbage family that has very high levels of vitamins C and K, and is a good source of folate and vitamin B6.[3]

Organic Brown Rice Flour
Whole grain rice with its outer bran layers intact, ground into powder.

Organic Brown Rice Syrup
Liquid from cooked whole grain rice that is fermented, strained and boiled until thickened into a syrup.

Organic Buckwheat Flour
Gluten-free flour produced by grinding the seeds of a flowering buckwheat plant into powder.

Organic Butternut Squash Puree
Butternut squash that is washed, peeled, cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Butternut Squash
Smooth, bell-shaped, winter squash known for having high levels of vitamin A.[4]

C

Organic Cane Sugar
Sugar cane grass juice that is boiled, evaporated and crystalized.

Organic Cane Syrup
Sugar cane grass juice that is boiled until it thickens into a syrup.

Organic Cane Invert Syrup
Cane sugar that is broken down into its component parts – glucose and fructose. It is less likely to crystalize, so in addition to sweetening, it helps keep some of our baked snacks soft. Invert syrup can also be found in evaporated and medium evaporated formats.

Organic Dried Cane Syrup
Cane syrup that has some or all of the moisture extracted to better preserve it or concentrate the flavor. It’s used in select bars and snacks used to add a touch of sweetness.

Tricalcium Citrate
Tricalcium citrate is a form of calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, and one that is used as a building block for developing strong bones and teeth. Children need calcium to support growing muscles and to assist nerves in carrying messages from the brain to different parts of the body. Calcium also helps move blood throughout the body and aids in the release of hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body. [6]

Tricalcium Phosphate
Tricalcium phosphate is a form of calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, and one that is used as a building block for developing strong bones and teeth. Children need calcium to support growing muscles and to assist nerves in carrying messages from the brain to different parts of the body. Calcium also helps move blood throughout the body and aids in the release of hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body. [6]

Organic Canola Oil
Oil derived from rapeseed.

Organic Cardamom
Seed of a plant in the ginger family that is used as a spice. It has a spicy, herbal citrus-like flavor.

Organic Carrot Powder
Carrots that are dried and ground into fine particles. Powder is used to add vegetable content, flavor or color.

Organic Carrot Puree
Carrots that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Carrots
Long, pointed root vegetables that have very high levels of vitamin A.[6]

Organic Purple Carrot Puree
Purple carrots that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Purple Carrot Puree
Purple carrots that are washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Celery Puree
Celery that is washed, peeled and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Celery Seed
Small brown, seed-like fruits of the wild celery plant that are dried and used as a spice

Cellulose
Structural component of green plants used to prevent ingredients from caking or forming clumps.

Cheddar Cheese
World’s most widely eaten cheese, made from organic cow’s milk, cultures, enzymes and salt.

Organic Cherry Puree
Cherries that are washed, pitted and blended into a smooth texture.

Ground Chia Seeds
Grayish seeds of an herb of the mint family that are reduced to small particles by being put through a grinder. Chia seeds are an excellent source of ALA fatty acids and a good source of fiber and several minerals, including magnesium. [8]

Organic Ground Chicken
Small pieces of chicken that have been chopped, minced or ground.

Organic Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean) Flour
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans) that are dried and ground.

Organic Chickpea (Garbanzo Bean) Puree
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans) that are washed and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Green Chickpea (Garbanzo Beans)
Round legumes also known as chickpeas. The green version is harvested while immature.

Choline – L-Choline Bitartrate
Type of choline, an essential nutrient that provides structure for cell membranes, and helps cells communicate with one another. [9]

Organic Ground Cinnamon
Spice derived from Cinnamomum tree bark that is dried and ground into a powder.

Citric Acid
Naturally occurring substance in citrus fruits used to control the acidity or pH of foods and make them easier to preserve so they are safe to consume over their shelf life.

Organic Cloves
Small dried flower buds of a tropical evergreen tree used as a fragrant spice, whole or ground.

Organic Coconut Cream
Creamy white liquid, thicker than coconut milk, skimmed from a mixture of simmered coconut and water.

Organic Coriander
Spice derived from the dried seeds of the parsley plant that produces cilantro leaves. When left whole it has a citrus-like flavor. When ground, its flavor is nutty. [10]

Organic Corn Flour
Whole corn kernels that are dried and ground into powder.

Organic Corn Puree
Corn kernels that are cooked and blended into a smooth texture.

Organic Corn Starch
Material on the inside of the corn kernel that is dried and ground into a fine powder. It is often used as a thickener.

Organic Yellow Corn
Variety of sweet corn that has yellow kernels.

Organic Cumin
Spice made from the dried seeds of a plant of the parsley family, used whole or ground.